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Indian culture and tradition

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India is a country of diverse culture consisting of different religions, languages, customs, and traditions. The diversity in India is also existent in its varied landscape and climate. There are very few countries in the world that are having such a variety of landscapes. 

From the sublime snowy mountains of Himalayas to the lush and cultivated peninsula of far South, from the deserts in the west to the cold forests and perennial waterfalls of North East and humid deltas of the East. The food, attire, customs, traditions, and languages change from one place to another.

Indian culture boasts of being one of the oldest and richest cultures in the world. The assorted cultures, religions, and languages give India a unique identity and a distinct flavor. It is something that every country of the world is awestruck about and respects India for. 

India has always had an urban civilization and has amazed the world because of its diversity. The South, North, and Northeast India each have their unique culture. It is one of the aspects that it is rare to find within a country.

Several foreign religions and cultures have influenced Indian culture, and the country has embraced and helped in the assimilation of each of them.

Components of Indian culture

The Indian origin religions include Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. Furthermore, India has also adopted foreign religions like Abrahamic religions. The Abrahamic religions in India are Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. Even though India has so many religions, the secular fabric of the country has led to their coexistence in harmony. 

The constitution of India allows every citizen to practice their religion. Freedom of religion is ingrained in the Indian constitution that upholds the right of the citizens and prevents any sort of discrimination on the basis of religion.

The Joint family system is one of the essential tenets of Indian culture. The family consists of parents, children, children’s spouses, and grandchildren. All the members of the family live together, and the eldest member of the family is the head of the family.

Arranged marriages are still one of the main components of Indian culture. Indians have their marriage arranged by their parents. Weddings are mostly a grand affair and involve decorations, clothing, music, dance, and rituals. 

India consists of many religious groups. Therefore, there are many festivals in India. As India is a multi-religious and multi-cultural society, the celebrations are diverse, but each community joins in celebrating every festival irrespective of their religion.

One can experience something new while traveling across India as cuisines, arts, music, attire, etc. vary from region to region. 

Perception of India culture

India has developed a perception of unity around the world. Despite so much complexity and diversity in Indian culture, it has been able to survive and flourish. While most of the countries would have been disintegrated because of contrasting religions, languages, customs, and traditions, India has created an example by remaining united.

Respecting elders and showing respect to them, caring for helpless people, helping the needy are some of the appealing features of the Indian culture. India, which predominantly consisted of Hindus, has imbibed qualities from Sanatana Dharma and has always been a spiritual country.

All religions and cultures have flourished around Hinduism, and some of the other religions have come out or have taken inspiration from Hinduism. India, which has been invaded, looted, and plundered by invaders and foreigners have always welcomed outsiders and never tried to seize part of another country. 

Indian architecture, which has brought out some of the most beautiful temples and monuments when the rest of the world could not even imagine doing, is something that India can boast about. 

Many eras have come and gone in Indian history, but none of these were able to change the real essence of the Indian culture.


Indian culture has evolved over the last decade. The changes have come in the form of women empowerment, westernization, higher literacy rate, etc. Indian society, despite these changes and rapid westernization, has upheld its traditional values. Even though Indian culture has turned modern, we have stuck to our moral values and still celebrate our festivals and follow our customs.

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